By Dimo Koev
Perennial plants are a perfect fit for every garden. They add colour and spirit to the garden from April to November, so you can enjoy them as long as possible. Moreover, they are very easy to grow, maintain and are versatile in the ways you can grow them. There are multiple low maintenance perennial flowers out there, so we chose our favourite ones that will match every garden.
Sedum, or also called Stonecrop, has astounding late summer and autumn colour. They are have a high tolerance to bad weather and nature conditions, so they are one of the easier perennials to grow. There are many varieties of sedums, so you can pick the ones that will fit perfectly in your garden. As ground covers and flowers in rock gardens, you can use the low-growing sedum varieties. As for back borders, use the taller ones. Sedums often flower from August to late autumn. Tiny pink star-shaped flowers sprout and can bring a lovely colour to your garden.
The Lavender is technically a shrub but it’s one of the most favourite perennial plants. It is a fragrant summer flower with scented leaves. It’s colours will brighten up your garden instantly! It is a flexible flower when it comes to edging and hedging. Bees and butterflies are attracted to lavender which will make your garden buzzing with life. It’s also tolerant to drought seasons, so you can grow it in sandy soil. You can also grow it near the front of borders as it’s a low flower or in patio pots. Finally, lavender is perfect for decorating your home, books, and even cakes.
The Salvia nemorosa is a resilient perennial that spouts in multiple purple flower spikes from summer to autumn. It originates from hot and dry areas and thus it can endure severe droughts, and hot and sunny summer days. You can grow it with other plants and grasses. Salvia is very attractive to bees and has a strong fragrant when rubbed or brushed against.
Geraniums, also called Cranesbill, are resistant and diverse plants. They are extremely tolerant to poor conditions and are one of the most long-lived perennials you can put in your garden. Their flowers can be white, pink, purple or blue, bringing versatile colours to your garden. You can grow Geraniums to fill in holes in border, or as ground cover and edging. Moreover, you can plant them in places such as dry and deep shade, where other flowers won’t survive.
If you want some bright and yellow, red or orange colour in your garden, Rudbeckia is the flower to grow. They are long-lasting during summer and early autumn. Their vivid colours of the petals with their green, brown or black centres are very attractive to bees and other pollinating insects. Plant them in heavy, clay soils, if you want them to last longer. Rudbeckia also had a big variety of flowers that you can choose from and grow in different places in your garden.
Phlox is a highly fragrant flower that can grow pink, purple or white. But it is also famous for the fact that can grow in almost every hue in the colour wheel, even rare shades of blue. They are always bright and showy and very popular in most gardens. Phlox has different types that are suitable for different parts of your garden. For example, Phlox subulata are dense and evergreen flowers that are suitable for ground cover or rocky gardens. Other types prefer a more moist and rich soil. You can remove their heads regularly to encourage more flowers. Phlox doesn’t like drought, so it’s important to water it often.
Helenium, also called Helen’s Flower, is another reliable perennial flower. Its colours varies from red to burnt orange and bright yellow. It’ll make your garden looks like it’s on fire. But not a dangerous fire that needs to be extinguished, but one that can be enjoyed without getting burnt. Heleniums sprout in abundance from midsummer to beginning of autumn. You can grow them to herbaceous borders or in grass for brightening up your lawn. They like moist soil and open sunny spots. Make sure you water them regularly.
Dianthus, also called pinks, are also a very versatile flower from border carnations to delicate pinks. Dianthus deltoides, for example, are alpine pinks which fit great as ground cover or in a rock garden, raised beds and patio pots. They are known for their spicy fragrance that the blossoms emit. Dianthus are highly tolerant to windy and salty coastal weather conditions. If cut, the flowers can last up to 3 whole weeks.
Penstemons also come in different bright colours and patterns. They are smothered in tubular-bell-shaped blossoms that bees love to pollinate. Penstemons look outstanding when planted in groups and sprout into huge areas of colours. Tall Penstemons should be planted in the middle of mixed or herbaceous borders, and smaller ones – at border fronts or in patio pots. They are highly tolerant to droughts, so grow then in a well-drained soil and don’t water them regularly.
Japanese Anemones grow astoundingly in late summer and autumn. They sprout in masses, if left alone, have bright colours and group up to 1.5 meter tall. This way they add a lovely height to the back of borders in every garden. They fit great as part of a cottage or woodland themed gardens. Grow them in fertile, sunny or semi-shaded spots. Don’t grow them under too much shade, because it will result in leggy plants that flop over easily. On the other hand, if kept completely in sunny spots, make sure the soil is kept moist.